ERIC Number: EJ775922
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Multidimensional, Threshold Effects of Social Support in Firefighters: Is More Support Invariably Better?
Varvel, Shiloh Jordan; He, Yuhong; Shannon, Jennifer K.; Tager, David; Bledman, Rashanta A.; Chaichanasakul, Adipat; Mendoza, Monique M.; Mallinckrodt, Brent
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v54 n4 p458-465 Oct 2007
This study examined the relationship between social support (Social Provisions Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) in a sample of male firefighters in a midwestern community (N=53). The authors assessed 5 types of perceived support from 2 sources: peer firefighters and supervisors. Results indicate that reassurance of worth and social integration support from supervisors had the strongest negative association with stress. The study critically examined the "unidirectional linear" assumption that a unit increase in support corresponds to a unit increase in adjustment throughout the full range of support scores. Reassurance of worth support from peers exhibited a curvilinear pattern of threshold effects. For individuals with the lowest levels of support, there was a strong negative association between perceived support and stress, but for firefighters above the median, the association was not significant.
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Social Support Groups, Males, Correlation, Peer Relationship, Fire Protection, Supervisor Supervisee Relationship, Stress Variables, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A