ERIC Number: EJ775848
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Disparities in Diagnoses Received Prior to a Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Mandell, David S.; Ittenbach, Richard F.; Levy, Susan E.; Pinto-Martin, Jennifer A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v37 n9 p1795-1802 Oct 2007
This study estimated differences by ethnicity in the diagnoses assigned prior to the diagnosis of autism. In this sample of 406 Medicaid-eligible children, African-Americans were 2.6 times less likely than white children to receive an autism diagnosis on their first specialty care visit. Among children who did not receive an autism diagnosis on their first visit, ADHD was the most common diagnosis. African-American children were 5.1 times more likely than white children to receive a diagnosis of adjustment disorder than of ADHD, and 2.4 times more likely to receive a diagnosis of conduct disorder than of ADHD. Differences in diagnostic patterns by ethnicity suggest possible variations in parents' descriptions of symptoms, clinician interpretations and expectations, or symptom presentation.
Descriptors: African Americans, Identification, Ethnicity, Autism, Behavior Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Eligibility, Health Insurance, Whites, Children, Attention Deficit Disorders, Hyperactivity, Adjustment (to Environment), Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A