ERIC Number: EJ775834
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Social Approach and Autistic Behavior in Children with Fragile X Syndrome
Roberts, Jane E.; Weisenfeld, Leigh Anne H.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Heath, Morgan; Kaufmann, Walter E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v37 n9 p1748-1760 Oct 2007
Social avoidance is a core phenotypic characteristic of fragile X syndrome (FXS) that has critical cognitive and social consequences. However, no study has examined modulation of multiple social avoidant behaviors in children with FXS. In the current study, we introduce the "Social Approach Scale" (SAS), an observation scale that includes physical movement, facial expression, and eye contact approach behaviors collected across multiple time points. Our findings suggested that social approach behaviors in children with FXS were affected by age, gender, setting, and time spent with an examiner. Selected social approach behaviors were related to autistic behavior. Increased eye contact over the course of a research assessment, in particular, was found to be a strong predictor of lower autistic behavior.
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Human Body, Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Genetics, Cognitive Ability, Observation, Eye Movements, Motion, Interpersonal Competence, Children, Mental Retardation, Age, Sex, Interpersonal Relationship, Evaluators, Social Behavior, Context Effect
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A