ERIC Number: EJ775522
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Reinforcement Sensitivity, Coping, and Delinquent Behaviour in Adolescents
Hasking, Penelope A.
Journal of Adolescence, v30 n5 p739-749 Oct 2007
Since 1964, the relationship between personality and criminal behaviour has been extensively studied. However, studies, which have examined the Eysenckian dimensions of extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism have produced mixed results. Gray's [Gray, J. A. (1970). The psychophysiological basis of introversion-extroversion. "Behavior Research and Therapy, 8", 249-266] Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory provides an alternative conceptualisation of the role of personality in criminal behaviour, and has generally produced more consistent findings. This study aimed to examine the relationship between reinforcement sensitivity and delinquent behaviour in a sample of 259 adolescents, and to examine the role that coping strategies play in this relationship. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that use of problem solving mediated the relationship between reward sensitivity and delinquent behaviour, while use of non-productive coping strategies moderated the relationship between BAS drive and delinquency. Consequently, it was suggested that coping skills training could be an effective early intervention for delinquent behaviour.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Reinforcement, Personality, Criminals, Delinquency, Coping, Delinquency Prevention, Adolescents, Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A