ERIC Number: EJ775520
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
Predicting the Early Developmental Course of Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
von Stauffenberg, Camilla; Campbell, Susan B.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, v28 n5-6 p536-552 Sep-Dec 2007
Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care were examined to test whether: attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms remain stable from 54 months through early elementary school; behavioral inhibition and attention deficits assessed at 54 months predict ADHD symptoms in elementary school, even after controlling for their temporal stability; and early behavioral inhibition and attention deficits moderate the longitudinal stability in ADHD symptoms. Data were examined using continuous and categorical measures of symptoms. Modest stability in ADHD symptoms from 54 months to third grade was found. Measures of inhibition and inattention predicted later teacher ratings uniquely, but no evidence was found for moderation. Measures of preschool behavioral inhibition also predicted "persistently at risk status" defined by elevated teacher ratings over time. Results are discussed in terms of executive and motivational facets of inhibition that may be related to early signs of ADHD.
Descriptors: Grade 3, Child Health, Inhibition, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Elementary School Students, Child Behavior, Student Behavior, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Preschool Children, High Risk Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A