ERIC Number: EJ775390
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 25
Ethnic and Sex Differences in Ownership of Preventive Health Equipment among Rural Older Adults with Diabetes
Bell, Ronny A.; Arcury, Thomas A.; Stafford, Jeanette M.; Golden, Shannon L.; Snively, Beverly M.; Quandt, Sara A.
Journal of Rural Health, v23 n4 p332-338 Fall 2007
Context: Diabetes self-management is important for achieving successful health outcomes. Different levels of self-management have been reported among various populations, though little is known about ownership of equipment that can enhance accomplishment of these tasks. Purpose: This study examined diabetes self-management equipment ownership among rural older adults. Methods: Participants included African American, American Indian, and white men and women 65 years of age and older. Data included equipment ownership overall and by ethnicity and sex across diabetes self-management domains (glucose monitoring, foot care, medication adherence, exercise, and diet). Associations between equipment ownership and demographic and health characteristics were assessed using logistic regression. Findings: Equipment ownership ranged from 85.0% for blood glucose meters to less than 11% for special socks, modified dishes, and various forms of home exercise equipment. Equipment ownership was associated with ethnicity, living arrangements, mobility, poverty status, and formal education. Conclusions: Rural older adults with diabetes are at risk because they lack equipment to perform some self-management tasks. Providers should be sensitive to and assist patients in overcoming this barrier.
Descriptors: Patients, Ownership, Whites, Poverty, Health Promotion, Ethnicity, Diabetes, American Indians, Older Adults, Prevention, Gender Differences, Rural Areas, African Americans, Health Behavior, Equipment, At Risk Persons, Self Management
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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