ERIC Number: EJ775289
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Predicting Hopelessness and Psychological Distress: The Role of Perfectionism and Coping
O'Connor, Rory C.; O'Connor, Daryl B.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v50 n3 p362-372 Jul 2003
This study investigated an integrative model involving the relationship between perfectionism (P. L. Hewitt & G. L. Flett, 1991) and coping (C. S. Carver, A F. Scheier. & J. K. Weintraub, 1989) to predict changes in hopelessness and general psychological distress among college students. Results indicated that changes in psychological well-being (4-5 weeks later) were predicted by socially prescribed perfectionism, and, as theorized, avoidance coping moderated the link between perfectionism and psychological well-being beyond initial levels of distress. Support was also found for the adaptive effects of cognitive reconstruction coping and other-oriented perfectionism, whereas, under certain conditions, self-oriented perfectionism was shown to be maladaptive. These findings offer support for the proposed model. Implications for intervention and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Descriptors: Coping, Expectation, Correlation, Psychological Patterns, Prediction, Anxiety, Well Being, Cognitive Restructuring, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A