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ERIC Number: EJ775288
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
Male Gender Role Conflict, Depression, and Anxiety: Clarification and Generalizability to Women
Zamarripa, Manuel X.; Wampold, Bruce E.; Gregory, Erik
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v50 n3 p333-338 Jul 2003
The purpose of this study was (a) to determine whether the relationship between male gender role conflict variables and mental health generalizes to women and (b) to investigate other aspects of social gender roles and mental health. An adaptation of the Gender Role Conflict Scale (I. M. O'Neil, B. J. Helms, R. K. Gable. L. David, & L. S. Wrightsman, 1986) and measures of depression and anxiety were administered to male and female college students. Men showed more restricted emotionality, more restricted affection, greater appropriate and inappropriate success, and more restricted affection, particularly for other men; there were no gender differences related to the conflict between work and family. However, for the most part these variables were related to depression and anxiety in similar ways in men and women. The major predictor of depression and anxiety for men and women was conflict between work and family.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A