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ERIC Number: EJ775281
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
The Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy: Development, Validation, and Reliability
Wang, Yu-Wei; Davidson, M. Meghan; Yakushko, Oksana F.; Savoy, Holly Bielstein; Tan, Jeffrey A.; Bleier, Joseph K.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v50 n2 p221-234 Apr 2003
The authors present 3 studies on the initial validity and reliability of the Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy (SEE), a self-report instrument that measures empathy toward people of racial and ethnic backgrounds different from one's own. Specifically, the exploratory factor analysis yielded 4 factors: Empathic Feeling and Expression, Empathic Perspective Taking, Acceptance of Cultural Differences, and Empathic Awareness. A confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for the stability and generalizability of this 4-factor solution. The SEE was correlated in the predicted directions with general empathy and attitudes toward people's similarities and differences. High internal consistency and test-retest reliability estimates were also found across the three studies. A discussion of how this scale can add to the research and practice regarding empathy and multicultural issues is provided.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A