ERIC Number: EJ775281
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr
The Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy: Development, Validation, and Reliability
Wang, Yu-Wei; Davidson, M. Meghan; Yakushko, Oksana F.; Savoy, Holly Bielstein; Tan, Jeffrey A.; Bleier, Joseph K.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v50 n2 p221-234 Apr 2003
The authors present 3 studies on the initial validity and reliability of the Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy (SEE), a self-report instrument that measures empathy toward people of racial and ethnic backgrounds different from one's own. Specifically, the exploratory factor analysis yielded 4 factors: Empathic Feeling and Expression, Empathic Perspective Taking, Acceptance of Cultural Differences, and Empathic Awareness. A confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for the stability and generalizability of this 4-factor solution. The SEE was correlated in the predicted directions with general empathy and attitudes toward people's similarities and differences. High internal consistency and test-retest reliability estimates were also found across the three studies. A discussion of how this scale can add to the research and practice regarding empathy and multicultural issues is provided.
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Measures (Individuals), Cultural Differences, Reliability, Empathy, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Correlation, Multicultural Education, Cultural Pluralism, Validity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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