ERIC Number: EJ775265
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Identifying the Antecedent in the Relation between Career Interests and Self-Efficacy: Is It One, the Other, or Both?
Nauta, Margaret M.; Kahn, Jeffrey H.; Angell, James W.; Cantarelli, Erika A.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v49 n3 p290-301 Jul 2002
Social-cognitive career theory (R. W. Lent, S. D. Brown, & G. Hackett, 1994) postulates that changes in self-efficacy precede changes in interests, but the cross-sectional nature of most research has precluded the examination of temporal precedence in the relation between these variables. The authors assessed college students' career interests and self-efficacy at 3 separate times over the course of an academic year and examined the temporal nature of the relationship using a cross-lagged panel design. Structural equation modeling with observed variables generally revealed a reciprocal relationship between the 2 constructs over time, but the temporal precedence was inconsistent across time periods. The authors discuss these results in the context of A. Bandura's (1986) self-efficacy theory and provide recommendations for theory refinement and career counseling practice.
Descriptors: Student Interests, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy, Career Counseling, College Students, Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, Time Perspective, Student Attitudes, Attitude Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A