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ERIC Number: EJ775242
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Pages: 16
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
Testing Self-Focused Attention Theory in Clinical Supervision: Effects of Supervisee Anxiety and Performance
Ellis, Michael V.; Krengel, Maxine; Beck, Michael
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v49 n1 p101-116 Jan 2002
Audio- or videotaping and one-way mirrors are often used in clinical supervision. Yet, the effects of audio- or videotaping on supervisees have yielded equivocal results. Some studies suggest that audio- or videotaping increases trainee anxiety and hinders performance, whereas other studies suggest negligible effects. The authors present 2 studies in which they tested self-focused attention theory (e.g., C. S. Carver & M. F. Scheier, 1982; S. Duval & R. A. Wicklund, 1972) to explain the equivocal findings. In each study, trainees were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 awareness conditions (private or public self-awareness, or subjective awareness) and conducted initial counseling sessions. Analyses of supervisee anxiety and performance found no significant differences due to self-awareness condition in either study. The results suggest that a mirror and audio- or videotaping elicit trivial aversive effects on supervisees.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A