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ERIC Number: EJ775227
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Nov
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Reasoning with Premises that Are Not Empirically True: Evidence for the Role of Inhibition and Retrieval
Simoneau, Michael; Markovits, Henry
Developmental Psychology, v39 n6 p964-975 Nov 2003
Two studies examined conditional reasoning with false premises. In Study 1, 12- and 16-year-old adolescents made "if-then" inferences after producing an alternative antecedent for the major premise. Older participants made more errors on the simple modus ponens inference than did younger ones. Reasoning with a false premise reduced this effect. Study 2 examined the relation between performance on a negative priming task (S. P. Tipper, 1985) and reasoning with contrary-to-fact premises in 9- and 11-year-olds. Overall, there was a correlation between the relative effect of negative priming on reaction times and the number of knowledge-based responses to the reasoning problems. The results of these studies are consistent with the idea that reasoning with premises that are not true requires an interaction between information retrieval and inhibition.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A