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ERIC Number: EJ775039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Pages: 17
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 64
ISSN: ISSN-0197-6664
Childhood Adultification in Economically Disadvantaged Families: A Conceptual Model
Burton, Linda
Family Relations, v56 n4 p329-345 Oct 2007
This article presents an emergent conceptual model of childhood adultification and economic disadvantage derived from 5 longitudinal ethnographies of children and adolescents growing up in low-income families. Childhood adultification involves contextual, social, and developmental processes in which youth are prematurely, and often inappropriately, exposed to adult knowledge and assume extensive adult roles and responsibilities within their family networks. Exemplar cases from the ethnographies are integrated in the discussion to illustrate components of the model. Four successive levels of adultification are described: precocious knowledge, mentored-adultification, peerification/spousification, and parentification. The developmental assets and liabilities children incur also are discussed. Recommendations for school, health care, and social service practitioners working with low-income families and children are provided.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A