ERIC Number: EJ774872
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 45
The Social and Private Worlds of Speech: Speech for Inter- and Intramental Activity
Smith, Heather J.
Modern Language Journal, v91 n3 p341-356 Fall 2007
During a study designed to examine the processes of learning English as an additional language as manifest in the interactive behaviour of small groups of bilingual school children playing specially designed board games, several instances of "private speech" were captured. Private speech is commonly described as speech addressed to the self for intramental purposes. Unlike many studies, this research was not specifically aimed at eliciting private speech. Indeed, the overtly social nature of game playing probably acted to limit the production of speech for intramental purposes. In effect, therefore, interest lies in the fact that private speech was produced within this context. The article presents an examination of the functions of the private speech produced and the consequences of such outward verbalisation within this interactive group activity. As a result, a heuristic model of the relationship between speech for social and private purposes is proposed.
Descriptors: Group Activities, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Bilingual Schools, Inner Speech (Subvocal), Learning Processes, Games, Language Research, Heuristics, Models, Speech Communication
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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