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ERIC Number: EJ774789
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 17
ISSN: ISSN-0033-1538
Empowering Communities for Improved Educational Outcomes: Some Evaluation Findings from the World Bank
Nielsen, H. Dean
Prospects: Quarterly Review of Comparative Education, v37 n1 p81-93 Mar 2007
Community involvement in the management of schools--community empowerment--is a growing phenomenon in the developing world. Many see it as a way to increase the relevance of schools, school attendance, and ultimately to improve learning outcomes. Increasingly, World Bank lending for basic education includes growing support for community empowerment in one form or another. To date, however, there is not a strong body of evidence linking community empowerment to improved learning outcomes or even many of its prerequisites. In fact, in many cases countries appear to be adopting such strategies without field testing them in the local context. This article looks at the growth of community empowerment activities in Bank-supported programmes and examines a small, but growing body of evidence on their development effectiveness. It focuses particularly on programmes created to empower poorer or marginalized communities and examines their impact on learning outcomes or the necessary conditions for them. After a brief conceptual clarification, the article discusses the World Bank policy objectives with respect to management decentralization down to the community level, and describes some of the ways these have been put into practice and assessed. It then examines a set of 12 country case studies on primary education used in a recent World Bank Independent Evaluation Group evaluation of primary education projects for evidence of community empowerment efforts and for any evaluation findings that have been produced. The small body of evaluation findings identified was then mined to show both areas of promise and remaining challenges. The article concludes with a discussion of findings, including some preliminary ideas, based on the evidence so far, of appropriate ways forward. (Contains 1 table and 6 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A