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ERIC Number: EJ774554
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1354-4187
The Prevalence of Intellectual Disability in a Major UK Prison
Hayes, Susan; Shackell, Phil; Mottram, Pat; Lancaster, Rachel
British Journal of Learning Disabilities, v35 n3 p162-167 Sep 2007
Over-representation of people with learning disability in prisons has been demonstrated in many Western jurisdictions. This was the first comprehensive research in a UK prison. The research used a random 10% sample of a prison population (n = 140). A semi-structured interview, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (UK version) and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) Interview Edition were administered. On the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III, UK version (WAIS-III (UK)), 7.1% of participants achieved standard scores below 70 and a further 23.6% were in the 70-79 (borderline) range. The VABS results indicated that 10.1% had standard scores below 70 and a further 33.3% were in the borderline range. The results indicate that the prevalence of intellectual (or learning) disability as measured on either or both of the WAIS-III (UK) or the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales is higher than previous research in the UK has indicated. The results have implications for provision of services in prison and post-release.
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: customerservices@blackwellpublishing.com; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale