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ERIC Number: EJ774494
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 1
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Pledging Allegiance
Parker, Walter C.
Phi Delta Kappan, v87 n8 p613 Apr 2006
Reciting the Pledge of Allegiance may be the core civic ritual in the United States and the most common--core because it extracts a personal promise of some sort and most common because it is widely required in schools and concludes the naturalization ceremony for new citizens. While many people have recited and memorized the pledge, few have interpreted it with others. The author has come to this conclusion after leading nearly 50 interpretive discussions or seminars on the pledge. Participants typically say they've not done this before; they have been putting their hands to their hearts and promising something they have not thought much about. Listening to them, the author has concluded that recitation without interpretation is like fishing in a dry lake. This is not a case for or against reciting the pledge, but for engaging the ideas and issues it raises when people ask questions, and for doing so with others.
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-1789. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States