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ERIC Number: EJ774341
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 21
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-0268-0939
Constitutional Prospects for the Implementation of Funding and Governance Reforms in Latin American Higher Education
Bernasconi, Andres
Journal of Education Policy, v22 n5 p509-529 Sep 2007
The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased accountability, and a more effective management and governance structure for public universities in the region. A decade later, these prescriptions not only remain current, but have been somewhat bolstered by policy developments consistent with them in Europe, Asia and Australia. This article compares this reform agenda for funding and governance with the norms on higher education finance and control written in the current constitutions of the Latin American nations. Its purpose is to assess, from a juridical point of view, the viability of the policy prescriptions of that reform agenda for higher education. Major constitutional obstacles to cost recovery via tuition fees are provisions establishing the right to a free higher education in the public sector, while as to the matter of governance, in many countries in the region, the government is not constitutionally authorized to modify by mandate the governance structure of universities, which can only be defined by the institutions themselves. (Contains 1 table and 13 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A