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ERIC Number: EJ774199
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0038-0407
Educational Model and Expansion of Enrollments in Sub-Saharan Africa
Garnier, Maurice; Schafer, Mark
Sociology of Education, v79 n2 p153-175 Apr 2006
This article relies on the concept of educational model to explain why African countries that were colonized by Britain and France experienced significantly different forms of educational expansion after independence. The authors argue that both models represented legitimate variants of world institutional processes that drove the expansion of mass education in the sub-Saharan region. Each model defined the nature of the relationship between the educational system and other institutions differently, in particular what should happen in school, who may teach, and who is responsible for the provision of education. Using panel data for 28 sub-Saharan nations between 1970 and 2000, the authors found strong model effects that persisted after they controlled for resources, pupil-teacher ratio (an imperfect measure of quality), and percentage Muslim. Specifically, the Francophone model contributed to "lower" mean enrollment levels, a "slower" expansion of enrollments from 1970 to 1985, and (3) a "more rapid" expansion of enrollments from 1985 to 2000. Gender differences are also discussed. Institutional theorists have minimized the importance of resources, but the findings presented here indicate that resources and the characteristics of the educational model matter for educational expansion.
American Sociological Association. 1307 New York Avenue NW Suite 700, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-383-9005; Fax: 202-638-0882; Web site: http://www.asanet.org/page.ww?section=Journals&name=ASA+Journals+Home
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa; France; United Kingdom (Great Britain)