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ERIC Number: EJ773517
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0091-4150
Interrelations between Subjective Health and Episodic Memory Change in Swedish and Canadian Samples of Older Adults
Wahlin, Ake; Maitland, Scott B.; Backman, Lars; Dixon, Roger A.
International Journal of Aging and Human Development, v57 n1 p21-35 2003
Recent research has documented associations between subjective health ratings and objective indicators of disease and death. Less is known about relations between subjective health ratings and level of cognitive performance in older adults. In this study, we explored whether subjective health ratings are related to episodic memory performance, both concurrently and across a three-year longitudinal interval. Persons aged 75-84 years, and participating in the Swedish Kungsholmen Project (n = 105) or the Canadian Victoria Longitudinal Study (n = 71), were examined. Results showed that in both samples, while the cross-sectional relationship was non-significant, longitudinal change in perceptions of subjective health were related to change in episodic memory performance. Next, the two samples were combined in additional analyses. Here, results further revealed that the associations between longitudinal change in subjective health and memory performance generalized across samples independently of demographic, changing physical health status, and subjective memory decline differences. Thus, the present findings suggest that subjective health may be added to the growing number of individual-difference variables that are predictive of episodic memory change in very old age. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada (Victoria); Sweden