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ERIC Number: EJ773229
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0141-8211
From Scientific Apprentice to Multi-Skilled Knowledge Worker: Changes in Ph.D Education in the Nordic-Baltic Area
Onnerfors, Andreas
European Journal of Education, v42 n3 p321-333 Sep 2007
There is no doubt that what is generally referred to as "Ph.D education" has undergone dramatic changes in Europe in recent years. Whereas the Bologna Process, launched in 1999, originally had in mind to make it easier for undergraduate students to gain international experience and enhance their employability by facilitating mobility and transparency of higher education in Europe, the idea of a "third cycle" of doctoral studies came relatively late in the discussion (2003). For some academic cultures, the idea of educating doctoral students was and still is perceived as a threat against academic freedom, originality and credibility. Other academic cultures have already long adopted Ph.D training schemes as an integrated part of training future scientists and knowledge workers. This article presents the result of a recent survey on Ph.D training in the Nordic-Baltic Area (Andreas Onnerfors: "Ph.D-training/PGT in the Nordic-Baltic Area", Exploring the North: papers in "Scandinavian Culture and Society" 2006:1, Lund 2006) initiated by the Nordic research organisation NordForsk, which discusses new concepts of doctoral education and training in the five Nordic and the three Baltic countries as well as in Russia, Poland and three northern states of the Federal Republic of Germany. Whereas there is great correspondence in the performance of doctoral training and education in the Nordic countries and changes have been introduced permanently for about 30 years, Poland, Germany and Russia are battling with their academic traditions and the challenge of adapting their academic cultures to joint European standards. This concerns especially the phenomenon of two postgraduate degrees (the Ph.D and a further degree) and the view upon training elements in doctoral studies. After their independence, the three Baltic countries rapidly adapted their systems of higher education to the Nordic model.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany; Poland; Russia