ERIC Number: EJ773129
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Maternal Stress and Emotional Status during the Perinatal Period and Childhood Adjustment
Anhalt, Karla; Telzrow, Cathy F.; Brown, Courtney L.
School Psychology Quarterly, v22 n1 p74-90 Mar 2007
An emerging literature suggests that maternal distress during the prenatal and perinatal period may adversely affect offspring development. The association between maternal stress and emotional status in the perinatal period (defined as 1 month after birth) and adjustment of first-grade children was examined in 948 mother-child dyads from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care using hierarchical multiple regression. Maternal demographic characteristics, including maternal education and income, accounted for 4% of the variance in Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) externalizing scores when children were in first grade. Maternal stress and emotional status at 1 month accounted for an additional 4% of the variance in CBCL externalizing t scores; statistically significant contributions were made by maternal depression and perceived social support. Maternal depression and parenting stress at 1 month made statistically significant contributions to CBCL internalizing scores at first grade. These findings contribute to a growing body of literature indicating that perinatal maternal adjustment is associated with children's emotional and behavioral functioning years later. Implications for school psychologists' involvement in prevention, assessment, and intervention practices are discussed.
Descriptors: Grade 1, Child Behavior, Check Lists, Depression (Psychology), Mothers, Stress Variables, Emotional Response, Psychological Patterns, Adjustment (to Environment), Child Development, Correlation, Student Adjustment, Parent Influence, Educational Attainment, Family Income, Demography, Social Support Groups, Child Rearing, Prenatal Influences, Perinatal Influences
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist