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ERIC Number: EJ773101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-0042-0859
Gardening Activities, Education, and Self-Esteem: Learning outside the Classroom
Hoffman, August John; Morales Knight, Luis F.; Wallach, Julie
Urban Education, v42 n5 p403-411 2007
Numerous articles have been written about the impact of community-based work and self-esteem, self-efficacy, and gardening in an educational environment. Empirical data suggest that when students have become involved in a group effort designed to improve a school, community, or society, a sense of interdependency and loyalty to that institution develops. The purpose of the current article is to illustrate the effects of a gardening program on improving gardening self-esteem and reducing ethnocentrism among community college students. An additional goal of the study was to illustrate how the improvements in self-esteem among students also resulted in increased community involvement and awareness. Results of the study suggest that when a learning institution provides mechanisms for students to contribute to the overall quality of the institution (such as a campus gardening program), a sense of interdependency and positive self-empowerment develops among faculty and students. The following are appended: (1) Pretest Questionnaire Used in the Study; and (2) Posttest Questionnaire Used in the Study. (Contains 1 table.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California