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ERIC Number: EJ772855
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 20
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0276-8739
Child Protective Intervention in the Context of Welfare Reform: The Effects of Work and Welfare on Maltreatment Reports
Slack, Kristen Shook; Holl, Jane L.; Lee, Bong Joo; McDaniel, Marla; Altenbernd, Lisa; Stevens, Amy Bush
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v22 n4 p517-536 Aut 2003
Recent changes in welfare policy have produced changes in parental work and welfare receipt. These factors are assessed in relation to investigated reports of child abuse and neglect using survey data on 1998 welfare recipients in nine Illinois counties, in conjunction with longitudinal administrative data on cash welfare benefits, employment, and child abuse and neglect reports. Trend analyses show that rates of child maltreatment reports among welfare recipients have risen since the passage of PRWORA in 1996. Findings from multivariate analyses indicate that parental employment has a protective effect on reports to child protection systems (CPS), that this effect is greatest when combined with welfare receipt, and that this effect becomes stronger over time. Those who receive welfare in the absence of employment face a significantly greater risk of CPS involvement, even compared with those who neither work nor receive welfare. (Contains 1 figure, 3 tables and 9 footnotes.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Subscription Department, 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families