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ERIC Number: EJ772819
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 27
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 126
ISSN: ISSN-0276-8739
Precautionary Principles: General Definitions and Specific Applications to Genetically Modified Organisms
Lofstedt, Ragnar E.; Fischhoff, Baruch; Fischhoff, Ilya R.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v21 n3 p381-407 Sum 2002
Precautionary principles have been proposed as a fundamental element of sound risk management. Their advocates see them as guiding action in the face of uncertainty, encouraging the adoption of measures that reduce serious risks to health, safety, and the environment. Their opponents may reject the very idea of precautionary principles, find specific principles unacceptably vague or see them as clearly doing economic damage--either to society as a whole or to their own interests. This article traces the development of alternative precautionary principles, primarily in Europe. Their adequacy is considered in one context where such principles have often been invoked, using genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in agriculture. Although some precautionary principles can be given analytical rigor, the concerns that they express strain the intellectual and institutional structure of conventional policy analysis. (Contains 12 footnotes and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden; West Germany