ERIC Number: EJ772024
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
The Effects of a Voluntary Summer Reading Intervention on Reading Activities and Reading Achievement
Kim, James S.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v99 n3 p505-515 Aug 2007
The causal effects of a voluntary summer reading intervention on children's reading activities and reading achievement were assessed in a randomized experiment involving 331 children in Grades 1-5. Children were pretested in the spring on a standardized test of reading achievement (Stanford Achievement Test, 10th ed.), on the Elementary Reading Attitudes Survey, and on a reading preference survey. At the end of the school year, children were stratified by their grade level and classroom and were randomly assigned to receive 10 books matched to their reading levels and preferences during summer vacation or after the administration of posttests. Children in the treatment group received books through airmail in July and August. In September, children were readministered the reading test and completed a survey of their summer reading activities. Although the treatment group reported reading more books and participating in more literacy activities than did the control group, there was no significant difference in reading achievement. Recommendations for enhancing the effects of voluntary reading through teacher-directed instruction and for conducting a replication study are discussed.
Descriptors: Intervention, Standardized Tests, Reading Tests, Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement, Matched Groups, Achievement Tests, Reading Instruction, Elementary Education, Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Student Surveys, Reading Improvement, Attitude Measures, Interest Inventories, Student Attitudes
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Achievement Tests