ERIC Number: EJ771998
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Reference Count: 51
Gender, Discrimination Beliefs, Group-Based Guilt, and Responses to Affirmative Action for Australian Women
Boeckmann, Robert J.; Feather, N. T.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v31 n3 p290-304 Sep 2007
Views of a selection committee's decision to promote a woman over a man on the basis of affirmative action were studied in a random sample of Australians (118 men and 111 women). The relations between perceptions of workplace gender discrimination, feelings of collective responsibility and guilt for discrimination, and judgments of entitlement to and, secondarily, deservingness of affirmative action were examined. AMOS analyses indicated that men's reports of collective guilt predicted attitudes toward women's entitlement. No coherent model was observed for women, which suggested ambivalent attitudes toward affirmative action. Gender differences in discrimination beliefs also suggested that women believe men are unfairly advantaged and that men believe women are responsible for their own disadvantage. Implications for research examining collective emotions and their role in social justice judgments are discussed.
Descriptors: Gender Bias, Females, Justice, Gender Differences, Anxiety, Affirmative Action, Foreign Countries, Work Environment, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Psychological Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia