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ERIC Number: EJ771939
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 17
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1056-4934
Female Education: The Long Way to Equal Rights for Girls in Schools
Stubig, Frauke
European Education, v36 n4 p5-21 Win 2004-2005
Girls are the obvious winners of the German school system: there are more girls than boys of the same age attending grammar school and intermediate school, that is, the "superior" schools. On the other hand, "inferior" schools such as comprehensive schools, secondary modern, and special schools are attended by more boys than girls in the same age category. The number of girls getting their A-levels ["Abitur"] exceeds the number of boys. Moreover, since 1995 the number of girls taking up academic studies has become as high as or even slightly higher than that of boys. Additionally, girls' average grades are usually higher than those of boys. In view of this data, this article discusses equal rights for girls in schools. It examines three turning points in the history of the German school system in order to assess girls' position in it. These are: (1) the turn of the 19th century, that is, the beginning of the institutionalization of the modern school system; (2) the turn of the 20th century, during which the basic characteristics of the school system were finally established; and (3) the turn of the 21st century, which bears the imprint of a differentiated coeducational school system. It concludes that the equality of sexes with regard to their participation in the educational system and the quality of their diplomas has been attained in a long process. Girls and women still need a lot of support for the self-confident implementation of their qualifications. In this sense, more attention should be devoted to concepts of support and encouragement in the future.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany