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ERIC Number: EJ771935
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 15
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1056-4934
Bologna Four Years Later: Steps toward Sustainable Reform of Higher Education in Europe
Reichert, Sybille; Tauch, Christian
European Education, v36 n3 p36-50 Fall 2004
This study aims to capture the most important recent trends related to the Bologna reforms. It is a follow-up to the two "Trends Reports" that were written for the Bologna Conference in 1999 and the Prague Conference in 2001. Unlike the two first reports, which were mainly based on information provided by the ministries of higher education and the rectors' conferences. "Trends 2003" tries to reflect not only these two perspectives, but also those of students, employers, and, most importantly, the higher education institutions (HEIs) themselves, thus giving a fairly comprehensive picture of the present phase of the Bologna Process. If the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is to become a reality, it has to evolve from governmental intentions and legislation to institutional structures and processes, able to provide for the intense exchange and mutual cooperation necessary for such a cohesive area. This means that higher education institutions are heavily and directly involved in the development of viable interpretations of concepts that were and are sometimes still vague, even in the minds of those who use these concepts most often. This study emphasizes the need for complementarity between the top-down approach applied so far in the Bologna process, with the emerging bottom-up process in which higher education institutions are already playing and should continue to play a key role--as expected of them by the ministers when they first met in Bologna. Institutional developments in line with the objectives of the Bologna process are not only emerging rapidly, but also represent challenges worthy of full attention, as this study hopes to prove.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A