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ERIC Number: EJ771862
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Pages: 25
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Socialist Ideology and the Contraction of Higher Education: Institutional Consequences of State Manpower and Education Planning in the Former East Germany
Baker, David; Kohler, Helmut; Stock, Manfred
Comparative Education Review, v51 n3 p353-377 Aug 2007
Sustained expansion of formal schooling worldwide over the 20th century indicates the depth to which mass schooling has become politically institutionalized within society (Garnier and Hage 1991; Fuller and Rubinson 1992). In this article, the authors examine the counter trend of contraction of higher education in the German Democratic Republic (official name of former East Germany). They argue that it was caused by a complex shift in socialist ideology, an important change in the makeup of the political elite over the course of the nation's history, and the inability of the society to fully develop the idea of education as an individual civic right versus the more limited idea of a collective necessity. Underpinned by the practice of manpower planning, these factors resulted in a rupture between higher education and society that led to contraction of enrollment rates. (Contains 1 figure.)
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: East Germany