ERIC Number: EJ771780
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun-1
Reference Count: N/A
What Color Is an A?
Chronicle of Higher Education, v53 n39 pA24 Jun 2007
After more than five decades of racial integration and four decades of affirmative action, most of the nation's colleges and universities have not come close to eliminating the performance gap that separates many black, Hispanic, and Native American students from their white and Asian-American counterparts. Although some colleges say they are working on the problem, few have any proof that their strategies are effective. The paucity of minority undergraduates earning high grade-point averages remains one of the chief obstacles to diversifying the enrollments of advanced-degree programs. In an effort to promote minority achievement, dozens of colleges have joined efforts to study and discuss the academic performance gap, although most have yet to bear fruit. From 2002 to 2005, L. Scott Miller, then executive director of the Consortium for High Academic Performance, at the University of California at Berkeley, led a three-member team in evaluating more than 100 efforts to improve the educational achievement of minority or disadvantaged undergraduates. The researchers found many programs and strategies that focused on increasing graduation rates, but very few that explicitly sought to help more minority students earn high grades. The team's report concluded that selective colleges "have few programs and strategies with strong empirical evidence showing that they help increase the number of high-achieving undergraduates from underrepresented groups." Among the few exceptions cited were Skidmore College's two programs and the Meyerhoff Scholars Program at the University of Maryland-Baltimore County.
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Racial Differences, Graduation Rate, Affirmative Action, Academic Achievement, Low Achievement, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, White Students, College Students, Asian American Students, American Indian Education, Equal Education, Grade Point Average, Minority Groups, Disadvantaged Youth, Grades (Scholastic), Disproportionate Representation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Maryland