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ERIC Number: EJ771672
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 17
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 21
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0964-5292
Abolishing School Fees in Malawi: The Impact on Education Access and Equity
Al-Samarrai, Samer; Zaman, Hassan
Education Economics, v15 n3 p359-375 Sep 2007
In 1994, the newly elected Government in Malawi abolished primary school fees. Using household survey data from 1990/91 and 1997/98, this paper assesses the impact this major policy change, combined with increased Government spending on education, has had on access to schooling by the poor. This paper shows that enrolment rates have increased dramatically over the 1990s, at both the primary and secondary levels, and that crucially these gains have been greatest for the poor. In order to sustain and build-on these gains the paper suggests cutting back on the informal "contributions" that are widely prevalent in primary school and improving the allocation of secondary school funding. Furthermore, the focus of policy reform, particularly at primary level, should shift towards raising the quality of education. Finally the paper argues that careful advance planning and piloting of the reform in selected areas are useful strategies that other countries considering abolishing primary school fees could take to cope with the associated surge in enrolments. A table describing incidence of public education expenditure using household expenditure per adult equivalent to calculate quintiles and district/division unit expenditure data is appended. (Contains 5 tables, 2 figures and 31 notes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malawi