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ERIC Number: EJ770813
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Dec
Pages: 28
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1380-3611
Development of a Classroom Environment Scale in Hong Kong
John, Lee Chi-kin; Frances, Lee Lai-mui; Hin-wah, Wong
Educational Research and Evaluation, v9 n4 p317-344 Dec 2003
The Hong Kong Classroom Environment Scale (HKCES) is a new instrument designed to assess upper primary and junior secondary school students' perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment. The development of the scale involved 2 stages of study. In the 1st stage of study, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly identified 4 dimensions of classroom environment: teacher involvement, teacher support, order and student involvement and collaborativeness. In the 2nd stage of study, the instrument was administered to a new sample of about 6,000 students from 13 primary schools and 5 secondary schools for cross-validation. (Contains 12 tables and 1 figure.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong