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ERIC Number: EJ770763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-0266-7363
Do Pictures Make a Difference? A Test of the Hypothesis that Performance in Tests of Phonological Awareness Is Eased by the Presence of Pictures
Gibbs, Simon
Educational Psychology in Practice, v19 n3 p219-228 Sep 2003
Many educational psychologists now conduct assessments of children's phonological skills. In the context of an outline of some of the issues relating to memory and phonological awareness, this paper explores an assumption underlying a method of assessing phonological awareness. It was assumed by Maclean, Bryant and Bradley (1987) that the presence of pictures in tests of phonological awareness made the tasks easier. This paper describes how that assumption was directly tested. Children aged 5, 6 and 7 years were given two measures of phonological awareness under two conditions: one with pictures, and one without the presence of pictures. Two measures of their memory were also taken. The results suggest that performance in the tests of phonological awareness may be assisted by the presence of pictures. However, although phonological awareness scores were associated with scores from the measures of memory, the evidence of an effect due to pictures was not significantly associated with either short-term or working memory. Suggestions are offered in conclusion that may assist interested educational psychologists develop more practical assessments of phonological awareness. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)