ERIC Number: EJ770756
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Dec
Reference Count: 33
Can Herpes Simplex Virus Encephalitis Cause Aphasia?
Naude, H.; Pretorius, E.
Early Child Development and Care, v173 n6 p669-679 Dec 2003
Aphasia implies the loss or impairment of language caused by brain damage. The key to understanding the nature of aphasic symptoms is the neuro-anatomical site of brain damage, and not the causative agent. However, because "Herpes simplex" virus (HSV) encephalitis infection usually affects the frontal and temporal lobes, subcortical structures and hippocampal tissue, the link between aphasia and HSV encephalitis is investigated in this article, based on the neuro-anatomical site of brain damage caused by such infection. A longitudinal case study of a patient with HSV encephalitis infection suggested the presence of fluent, conduction aphasia. The features included fluent conversational speech, superior comprehension of spoken language, and normal to good comprehension of reading matter, but defective handwriting, impaired reading aloud, circumlocution, visual field loss, poor auditory memory and repetition. (Contains 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Aphasia, Microbiology, Neurological Impairments, Patients, Males, Longitudinal Studies, Memory, Speech, Listening Comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Handwriting, Oral Reading, Writing Skills, Visual Perception, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa