ERIC Number: EJ769954
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Reference Count: 20
Russian Educational Policy in the Light of Experience in Other Countries
Ziiatdinova, F. G.
Russian Education and Society, v49 n5 p49-64 May 2007
World experience has shown that education alone is able to shape people's desire to organize jointly a more effective life without external coercion. States that are sufficiently aware of the "priority of education" channel the necessary financial resources into that sphere. The developed countries realize up to 40 percent of their gross national product as a result of their support for and adoption of an effective system of education. Russia, meanwhile, despite statements proclaiming the priority status of education, is losing the position that it rose to earlier. The level of education of the rising generation of Russians is going down, and the literacy level of college applicants who are secondary school graduates is declining. In this article, the author examines educational policy in Russia in the light of experience in other countries. There are three social goals in the present educational policy in Russia: (1) expansion of the system of education on a tuition basis, including secondary education, an aspect that is in conflict with world educational practices and this country's constitution; (2) a tendency to turn education into an instrument of social selection, worsening discrimination in regard to access to an education; and (3) the division of the educational system into two sectors, one for "the elite" and one for "all the rest." Yet Russia's economy has the ability to make more substantial investments in education. The time has come to make effective use of this circumstance. It is the task of all of the players in the country's educational socium not to allow education to be turned into a "social elevator" that only carries the majority of the population down. The kind of system of education and educational policy that Russians create in the near future will determine Russia's strategic prospects.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, College Applicants, Educational Policy, Developed Nations, Educational Finance, Role of Education, Financial Support, Educational Attainment, Reading Skills, High School Graduates, Social Influences, Global Approach, Secondary Education, Educational Discrimination, Access to Education, Social Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia