ERIC Number: EJ769943
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Is It Reasonable to Speak of a Crisis of the Family?
Pakhomova, E. I.
Russian Education and Society, v49 n4 p7-22 Apr 2007
The early 1990s were marked by the onset of a period of lengthy depopulation in Russia. A number of countries confronted a natural decline in population in the 20th century, in particular Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Sweden. What is specific to Russia, however, is that the depopulation relates to both components of population reproduction, the birth rate and the mortality rate. In other words, depopulation is taking place under pressure from two sides, which distinguishes Russia from the countries of Western Europe. This article examines one aspect of the problem, the declining birth rate. Among numerous factors that influence this process are irreversible shifts in the institution of marriage and the family, noted by researchers in this country and elsewhere. It presents the results of a survey conducted by the Center for Public-Opinion Research in November 2005 and participated in by 1,600 respondents in 46 oblasts, krais, and republics of Russia. The survey was designed to discern the present structure of family values: What are of the most importance to Russians at the present time--matrimonial relations, sexual relations, children, or intergenerational association? Summarizing the results of the survey, given the present type of reproductive behavior, birth control in the home is becoming universally widespread and one of the main factors determining the birth-rate level. (Contains 10 tables and 5 figures.)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pregnancy, Mortality Rate, Birth Rate, Incidence, Population Trends, Family (Sociological Unit), Social Values, Marriage, Sexuality, Children, Intergenerational Programs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Europe; Germany; Hungary; Italy; Russia; Sweden