ERIC Number: EJ768753
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Reference Count: 25
Enhancing the Vocational Skills of Incarcerated Women through a Plumbing Maintenance Program
Young, Diane S.; Mattucci, Robert F.
Journal of Correctional Education, v57 n2 p126-140 Jun 2006
Vocational education programs show promise for reducing recidivism, measured most typically through re-arrest and re-incarceration data, among adult offenders. Yet, such programs for women in U.S. correctional facilities have more often provided training in gender-stereotyped and lower-paid professions when compared to vocational programs in men's facilities. As the number of incarcerated women continues to climb, programs that help women develop marketable skills that will enable them to support their children upon release and overcome the economic marginalization that is so closely tied to offending is important for both the women and society. This paper describes a 16-hour, pre-plumbing program, designed to prepare individuals for basic plumbing maintenance in settings such as hotels and hospitals, taught by a plumber, to seven groups of women (N = 60) from four different county correctional facilities in New York State. The program incorporates hands-on work and evaluation, and emphasizes collaboration, a positive attitude, and confidence building, qualities necessary in the work force and to women's self-esteem. Across all groups, the mean gain on an 100 point post-test assessing understanding and mastery of course concepts was 32 points (SD = 18), a statistically significant difference. Lessons learned and suggestions for future research and program and policy reform are also described in the paper.
Descriptors: Maintenance, Females, Course Content, Vocational Education, Plumbing, Labor Force, Correctional Institutions, Correctional Education, Institutionalized Persons, Recidivism, Sex Stereotypes, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Student Attitudes, Cooperative Learning, Self Esteem
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York