ERIC Number: EJ768634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Cost of Event-Based Prospective Memory: Salient Target Events
Smith, Rebekah E.; Hunt, R. Reed; McVay, Jennifer C.; McConnell, Melissa D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v33 n4 p734-746 Jul 2007
Evidence has begun to accumulate showing that successful performance of event-based prospective memory (PM) comes at a cost to other ongoing activities. The current study builds on previous work by examining the cost associated with PM when the target event is salient. Target salience is among the criteria for automatic retrieval of intentions according to the multiprocess view of PM. An alternative theory, the preparatory attentional and memory processes theory, argues that PM performance, including retrieval of the intent, is never automatic and successful performance always will come at a cost to other ongoing activity. The 4 experiments reported here used a salient PM target event. In addition, Experiments 3 and 4 were designed to meet the stringent criteria proposed for automatic retrieval of intentions by multiprocess theory, and, yet, in all 4 experiments, delayed intentions interfered with ongoing task performance.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A