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ERIC Number: EJ768528
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Pages: 54
Abstractor: Author
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1359-8139
Giftedness and Evidence for Reproducibly Superior Performance: An Account Based on the Expert Performance Framework
Ericsson, K. Anders; Roring, Roy W.; Nandagopal, Kiruthiga
High Ability Studies, v18 n1 p3-56 Jun 2007
Giftedness researchers have long debated whether there is empirical evidence to support a distinction between giftedness and attained level of achievement. In this paper we propose a general theoretical framework that establishes scientific criteria for acceptable evidence of superior reproducible performance, which any theory of exceptional performance must explain. We review evidence for superior reproducible performance, generally emerging only after extended periods of deliberate practice that result in subsequent physiological adaptations and complex cognitive mechanisms. We also apply this framework to examine proposed evidence for innate talents. With the exception of fixed genetic factors determining body size and height, we were unable to find evidence for innate constraints to the attainment of elite achievement for healthy individuals. (Contains 4 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A