ERIC Number: EJ768454
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Frasier v. UNC--A Personal Account
Frasier, Ralph K.
Negro Educational Review, The, v56 n1 p83-90 Jan 2005
Like the Brown Decision, Frasier was not simply an action challenging the right of three plaintiffs to attend one of the institutions of higher education within the State of North Carolina which historically had limited access to its undergraduate schools to white citizens. Rather, the suit was one of a series seeking to dismantle a system of deeply entrenched racial segregation and subjugation of black citizens by white masters. The rigid segregation patterns were vestiges of slavery which later gave way to one of the greatest legal fictions ever visited upon citizens of the United States. Separation of the races had been a policy adopted and adhered to by many states since the Civil War. Courts had consistently held that separation did not "per se" create inequality. So long as there was no discrimination and facilities and opportunities offered were equal, the courts uniformly held that states were within their rights and that no right guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States had been violated. Beginning in 1951, the University of North Carolina (UNC) conceded that the state failed to provide separate but equal graduate and professional facilities. In fact, in most instances no facilities for graduate and professional education of black citizens were available in the state; and hence, begrudgingly, UNC accepted blacks in graduate and professional schools. In this article, the author wants to identify some bodies and agencies just to give a flavor of leadership of the day and he also wants to point to a few bodies and individuals who had a profound effect on him. With rare exception, the government's leadership structure was composed of white males. In a few agencies (primarily dealing with education) a handful of white women held positions. He then reflects on a few of the events and people who had a profound effect on his career.
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, School Desegregation, Court Litigation, Personal Narratives, Profiles, Change Agents, Historical Interpretation, Phenomenology, Critical Theory, Educational Opportunities, Political Attitudes, African American Education
Negro Educational Review, Inc. NER Editorial Offices, School of Education, 1601 East Market Street, Greensboro, NC 27411. Tel: 412-648-7320; Fax: 412-648-7081; Web site: http://www.oma.osu.edu/vice_provost/ner/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina; United States