ERIC Number: EJ768441
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: 19
Juneteenth, Black Texans and the Case of Reparations
Jeffries, Judson L.
Negro Educational Review, The, v55 n2-3 p107-115 Apr-Jul 2004
The history of Juneteenth, slavery, and deferred freedom is filled with heroes, plots, and interesting twists. For many of African descent, Juneteenth is a day to commemorate the official ending of American slavery. Slavery did not end with the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. Not until June 19, 1865 was slavery abolished--two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the landmark mandate on January 1, 1863. However, blacks, such as those in Texas, remained in bondage until 1865. Because black Texans remained in bondage nearly three years beyond the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, they are, at a minimum, entitled to reparations comparable to two and a half years of unpaid backbreaking labor. Over the past ten years reparation has been one of the most hotly contested issues in American politics. The matter of reparations is a politically charged issue that is polarized along racial lines. The African-American community favors reparations, whereas the white community disagrees with support for reparations. While this author believes that blacks are owed reparations, this paper approaches the matter from a somewhat different angle. This essay focuses on the two and half years black Texans spent enslaved after the signing of the emancipation proclamation.
Descriptors: Slavery, African Americans, State Norms, Compensation (Remuneration), Political Attitudes, Socioeconomic Influences, Social History, United States History, African American History, Critical Theory, Civil Rights Legislation, Historical Interpretation, Advocacy
Negro Educational Review, Inc. NER Editorial Offices, School of Education, 1601 East Market Street, Greensboro, NC 27411. Tel: 412-648-7320; Fax: 412-648-7081; Web site: http://www.oma.osu.edu/vice_provost/ner/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas