ERIC Number: EJ768352
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Self-Confidence, Parenting Styles, and Corporal Punishment in Families of ADHD Children in Iran
Alizadeh, Hamid; Applequist, Kimberly F.; Coolidge, Frederick L.
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v31 n5 p567-572 May 2007
Objective: This study examines the relationship between parental self-confidence, warmth, and involvement, and corporal punishment in families of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: The diagnosis of ADHD was established through clinical interviews with the parents, children, and teachers, according the criteria in DSM-IV-TR. This diagnosis was also established by having the parents complete the Conners' Parent Rating Scale, and the teachers complete the Conners' Teacher Rating Scale. Two groups of Iranian parents, one group with children who have ADHD (N=130) and a control group (N=120), completed questionnaires measuring parental self-confidence and parenting styles. Results: Parents of children with ADHD were found to have lower self-confidence and less warmth and involvement with their children, and used corporal punishment significantly more than the parents of control children. Conclusions: The study provides strong evidence that children with ADHD are at considerable risk of abuse by their parents. Rather than focusing only on the child's ADHD, treatment may also need to address the parents' functioning.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Parents, Child Rearing, Rating Scales, Punishment, Parenting Styles, Hyperactivity, Self Esteem, Discipline, Parent Child Relationship, Attention Deficit Disorders, At Risk Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Teacher Rating Scale