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ERIC Number: EJ768240
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 2
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 3
ISSN: ISSN-1045-1595
Seven Keys for Small Group Success
Armstrong, Joseph L.
Adult Learning, v15 n1-2 p34-35 Win 2004
One of the most commonly used instructional methods in adult education is the small group. Small group learning is a staple of the adult education enterprise. Small groups are used in higher education, adult literacy and basic education, and many forms of training (Taylor, Marienau, & Fiddler, 2000). Some write solely about it (Brookfield & Preskill, 1999), but few offer specific practical tips of how to facilitate the effective use of small groups in adult education learning enterprises. In this article, the author presents the seven keys for small group success: (1) Establish ground rules; (2) Beware of the leader's halo effect; (3) Use of social-microcosm effect; (4) Focus on process; (5) Encourage a conflict of ideas; (6) Challenge ideas; and (7) Use silence. If adult educators keep these seven keys to success in mind when using small groups as an instructional/learning method, it will lead to more effective learning groups while making the job of facilitator easier to execute.
American Association for Adult and Continuing Education. 10111 Martin Luther King Jr. Highway Suite 200C, Bowie, MD 20720. Tel: 301-459-6261; Fax: 301-459-6241; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A