ERIC Number: EJ767722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: 22
School Web Sites: Are They Accessible to All?
Wells, Julie A.; Barron, Ann E.
Journal of Special Education Technology, v21 n3 p23-30 Sum 2006
In 2002, the National Center for Educational Statistics reported that 99% of public schools had Internet access and 86% of those schools had a web site or web page (Kleiner & Lewis, 2003). This study examined accessibility issues on elementary school homepages. Using a random sample of elementary school web sites, the researchers documented accessibility errors and warnings related to Section 508 of the American Rehabilitation Act and Priority 1, 2, and 3 of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. The researchers used WebXACT (WebXACT, 2005) and the Accessibility Toolbar (National Information and Library Service, 2005) to evaluate the web sites. Findings indicate that 91% of the web sites had at least one accessibility error related to Section 508, and 84% of web sites had at least one Priority 1 error. The major sources of these errors were related to text equivalents (Alt tags) for images. Issues related to font sizes, screen resolutions, contrast, style sheets, and flicker are also discussed. (Contains 5 figures and 5 tables.)
Descriptors: Web Sites, Computer Uses in Education, Public Schools, Elementary Schools, Library Services, Accessibility (for Disabled), Internet, Federal Legislation, Equal Education, Visual Environment, Educational Technology
Technology and Media Division of the Council for Exceptional Children. Available from: Boyd Printing Company, Inc. University of Oklahoma, College of Education, 820 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73072. Web site: http://jset.unlv.edu/shared/subscribe.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Rehabilitation Act 1973