ERIC Number: EJ767536
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Reference Count: 6
The Upbringing of Children under the Conditions of the Extreme North
Prokhorova, O. G.
Russian Education and Society, v49 n1 p47-59 Jan 2007
Ethnographic scientists have determined that there are about 300 ethnic communities in Russia. The number of indigenous peoples in the North barely adds up to 200,000, and they make up less than 2 percent of the total population of the Russian North. They have been designated in different ways in official documents, for example "the small peoples of the North," "the indigenous peoples of the North," "natives," "tribes inhabiting the northern border lands," "ethnic groups and tribes of the northern border lands," and so on. Within Taimyr Okrug, the cities of Greater Norilsk make up a kind of island--Talnakh, Kaierkan, and Snezhnogorsk. This unique region has also created a unique society, one that has its own education and upbringing environment in which children make up 30 percent of the total population. Children's upbringing in the home in urban areas under the conditions of the Extreme North differs a great deal from that of rural areas owing to the fact that the parents have limited opportunities to take care of their children's upbringing, the fact that they are employed in industry, the ways that they earn money, the partial loss of traditions and connections of family and kinship, and so on. The specific characteristics of children's upbringing in the home under the conditions of the extreme North have their roots in the traditions and customs of life that have to do with continuing the race and taking active part in work activity. This analysis of the current state of the family as the fundamental institution for the child's natural protection in the region shows that there has been a worsening of social and demographic processes: people's life expectancy has fallen; the birth rate has fallen, and at the same time the number of children born out of wedlock is rising; there are increasing numbers of social orphans and parents who have been stripped of their parental rights; and the number of low-income families is rising. All of these factors are having a negative impact on the upbringing of children in the home and on the social life and professional self-determination of the rising generation.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Urban Areas, Rural Areas, Indigenous Populations, Ethnography, Child Rearing, Social Influences, Family Environment, Parenting Styles, Employed Parents, Industry, Cultural Influences, Individual Characteristics, Racial Factors, Demography, Birth Rate, Parent Child Relationship, Low Income Groups, Self Determination, Socialization
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia