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ERIC Number: EJ767518
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 42
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1056-4934
Citizenship Education in the Dutch Multiethnic Context
Leeman, Yvonne; Pels, Trees
European Education, v38 n2 p64-75 Sum 2006
The main question addressed in this article is how, in light of the multiethnic composition of its population, Dutch education is and should be educating its citizens. Popular politicians and mainstream media advocate discipline-oriented approaches. The authors argue that citizenship education seems to be taking a one-sided turn in Dutch educational policy by accentuating individual rights and moral obligations and focusing on urging students of non-Western descent to assimilate. Based on the few studies available, citizenship education in Dutch schools seems narrowly oriented to interpersonal relations and individual behavior, rather than promoting a reflective stance on inequalities and cultural pluralism in society. However, they find that some schools and teachers try to develop approaches that balance discipline and care and focus on distributive as well as cultural justice. This article is divided into three sections. The first section presents an overview of relevant educational policies in the Netherlands over the past 30 years, showing the shift from an economic integration perspective to one of assimilation. The second section discusses some empirical studies that illustrate the struggles around culture and identity in schools. In the third section, the authors propose an alternative to the narrow-minded policy approach of "civilization" in the sense of disciplining and assimilation. They suggest that balancing diversity and communality in bonding students to school and society offers a more promising perspective.
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands