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ERIC Number: EJ767440
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0161-6463
"I Should Not Be Wearing a Pilgrim Hat": Making an Indian Place in Urban Schools, 1945-75
Amerman, Steve
American Indian Culture and Research Journal, v31 n1 p39-62 2007
Even though there were tens of thousands of Native Americans who attended urban public schools between 1945 and 1975, historians have been rather slow to learn their stories. This is no small oversight, for by 1970 the number of urban Indians in the United States was nearly the same as the number of reservation Indians. Phoenix, the focus of this essay, is an especially good place to start listening to urban Indian schooling stories, for it emerged in the post-World War II years as a city with one of the largest urban Indian populations in the nation. This essay listens to urban Indian children (quite literally) by using a series of interviews, most of them conducted by the author. It also hears them through the available printed records, such as school yearbooks, school board meeting minutes, and newspaper articles. This essay particularly listens to these oral and written sources for discussions of what it meant to the Indian children to be in big-city classrooms. (Contains 61 notes.)
American Indian Studies Center at UCLA. 3220 Campbell Hall, Box 951548, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1548. Tel: 310-825-7315; Fax: 310-206-7060; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona