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ERIC Number: EJ766868
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Oct
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1529-8957
When Two Plus Two Doesn't Equal Four
Slosson, James
Principal Leadership, v5 n2 p45-48 Oct 2004
General math students--the first quartile in math--are having trouble passing the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL), and there are several reasons why: (1) They have poor math skills and not much aptitude; (2) They never see all of the needed curriculum; (3) Their learning style directly conflicts with the organizational patterns in most schools, especially in math classes; (4) They have not prospered with the current grading system that allows them to earn a low grade and credit with poor quality and incomplete work; and (5) They tend to be the students who have the most difficult behaviors and who get the least experienced teachers. It takes a whole-system change to help these students be successful. Buying another curriculum or attending another seminar on manipulatives will not improve achievement in first quartile math classes. For students in general math classes to be successful, four interlocking pieces of the whole instructional system have to change: (1) Change the curriculum (problems 1 & 2); (2) Change the style of instruction (problem 3); (3) Change the grading and credit systems (problems 3 & 4); and (4) Intentionally change the relationships within the class (problems 4 & 5). When a school makes the four system changes together, teachers, administrators, and students can expect dramatic improvement.
National Association of Secondary School Principals. 1904 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1537. Tel: 800-253-7746; Tel: 703-860-0200; Fax: 703-620-6534; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers; Administrators
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Washington Assessment of Student Learning