ERIC Number: EJ766710
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Athletic Involvement and Adolescent Delinquency
Miller, Kathleen E.; Melnick, Merrill J.; Barnes, Grace M.; Sabo, Don; Farrell, Michael P.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v36 n5 p711-723 Jul 2007
Although conventional wisdom suggests that organized sport deters delinquency by building character, structuring adolescents' time, and providing incentives for socially approved behavior, the empirical evidence to date has been mixed. Based on a sample of approximately 600 Western New York adolescents, the present study examined how self-reported jock identity, school athlete status, and frequency of athletic activity differentially influenced a range of delinquent behaviors. Neither athlete status nor frequency of athletic activity predicted these behaviors; however, jock identity was associated with significantly more incidents of delinquency. This finding was robust across both gender and race. Follow-up analyses indicated that jock identity facilitated both minor and major delinquency, with major delinquency effects for white but not black adolescents.
Descriptors: Delinquency, Athletes, Adolescents, Athletics, Student Participation, Correlation, Antisocial Behavior, Identification (Psychology), Gender Differences, Racial Differences, White Students, African American Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York